Friday, March 27, 2015

Physics 9702 Doubts | Help Page 96

  • Physics 9702 Doubts | Help Page 96



Question 495: [Pressure]
Horizontal plate of area 0.036 m2 is beneath the surface of liquid of density 930 kg m–3. Force on the plate due to the pressure of liquid is 290 N.
What is the depth of plate beneath the surface of the liquid?
A 0.88 m                     B 1.13 m                     C 8.7 m                       D 9.1 m

Reference: Past Exam Paper – November 2011 Paper 12 Q20



Solution 495:
Answer: A.
Pressure P = hρg
where h is the depth, ρ is the density of the liquid and g is the acceleration of free fall.

But,
Pressure P = Force / Area = F / A

Therefore,
Depth h = P / ρg = F / (Aρg) = 290 / [0.036 (930) (9.81)] = 0.88m










Question 496: [Waves]
Diagram shows a sketch of wave pattern, over a short period of time.

Which description of this wave is correct?
A The wave is longitudinal, has a wavelength of 20 cm and is stationary.
B The wave is transverse, has a wavelength of 20 cm and is stationary.
C The wave is transverse, has a wavelength of 40 cm and is progressive.
D The wave is transverse, has a wavelength of 40 cm and is stationary.

Reference: Past Exam Paper – November 2013 Paper 11 & 12 Q25



Solution 496:
Answer: D.
As stated, the sketch is that of a wave pattern over a period of time. So, the sketch contains different waves at different times in a single diagram.

The wave is transverse since the displacement is vertical while the direction of travel is horizontal. Longitudinal waves are waves in which the displacement of the medium is the same direction as, or the opposite direction to, the direction of travel of the wave. [A is incorrect]

The 1.0m distance indicated consisted of 2.5 waves. (2 ‘loops’ represent 1 complete wave)
2.5λ = 100cm
Wavelength λ = 40cm             [B is incorrect]

Over the period of time, it can be seen that the nodes (points of zero displacement) remain still. Therefore, the wave is not travelling forward or backward. The wave is stationary. [C is incorrect]









Question 497: [Kinematics > Linear motion]
A goods train passes through station at steady speed of 10 m s–1. An express train is at rest at station. The express train leaves station with a uniform acceleration of 0.5 m s–2 just as the goods train goes past. Both trains move in same direction on straight, parallel tracks.
How much time passes before the express train overtakes the goods train?
A 6 s                            B 10 s                          C 20 s                          D 40 s

Reference: Past Exam Paper – June 2013 Paper 11 Q8



Solution 497:
Answer: D.
Let the initial position of the express train (when it is a rest) be the origin, from which the distance travelled will be considered. Since the express train leaves the station just as the goods train passes it, this moment is taken as the origin for time.

For the express train to overtake the goods train, the distance travelled by each of the trains must be equal. Let this distance = s.

Consider the goods train.
Let the time taken for the train to travel distance s be t.
Speed = Distance / Time
Distance, s = 10t

Consider the express train.
The express train will overtake the goods train at time t, since the express train leaves the station as soon as the goods train passes it.
Acceleration, a = 0.5 ms-2
Initial speed, u = 0 ms-1 
Distance s, = ut + ½ at2 = 0 + 0.5 (0.5) t2

Since the distance s is the same for both trains,
10t = 0.25t2
Time t = 10 / 0.25 = 40s










Question 498: [Work, Energy and Power]
Box of weight 200 N is pushed so that it moves at a steady speed along ramp, through a height of 1.5 m. Ramp makes an angle of 30° with the ground. Frictional force on the box is 150 N while the box is moving.

What is the work done by the person?
A 150 J                        B 300 J                        C 450 J                        D 750 J

Reference: Past Exam Paper – November 2010 Paper 12 Q14



Solution 498:
Answer: D.
Work done = Force x distance moved in direction of force

Distance travelled along the ramp = 1.5 / sin30 = 3m

Component of weight along ramp = 200sin30 = 100N

This component of the weight, along with the frictional force opposes the motion. But since the box moves at a steady speed, the resultant force on the box is zero (there is no acceleration). This means that that the person is providing a force equal to the sum of these 2 forces.

Force provided by person = 100 + 150 = 250N

Work done = 250 x 3 = 750J










Question 499: [Work, Energy and Power]
Van driver adjusts the force on van’s brakes so that the van travels at constant speed down a hill from P to Q.

Magnitude of change in the van’s kinetic energy is ΔEk. Magnitude of the change in its gravitational potential energy is ΔEp.
Which statement is correct?
A ΔEk > ΔEp
B ΔEk = ΔEp
C ΔEp > ΔEk > 0
D ΔEk = 0

Reference: Past Exam Paper – November 2014 Paper 13 Q19



Solution 499:
Answer: D.
As stated in the question, ΔEk is change in the van’s kinetic energy and ΔEp is the change in the van’s gravitational potential energy.

Kinetic energy = ½ mv2
Since the van travels at constant speed, its kinetic energy is constant, that is it does not change. So, ΔEk = 0.

Only the potential energy changes as the height of the van above the ground changes.




2 comments:

  1. In question 497 why is the time taken after good train overtake the express train not of the whole journey of good train when it was at rest?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. we do not have enough information for the trains prior to the situation described in the question.

      Delete

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